Hello Everyone, I’m KDT and today we are gonna be seeing about the topic Evolution of Android from 1.0 to 12. I am gonna be explaining the ins and outs and also complete detail about these versions. I am only gonna list the minor upgrades and bug fixes and not explain every one of them. There is also a video walkthrough for this article, if interested check it out!
Android 1.0 was introduced on September 23, 2008. Even though it was the first version, Android 1.0 cotained features such as a Browser, Camera. YouTube, Google Apps, Google Maps etc. These apps can be downloaded from the Android Market
Later Android 1.1 was launched with some updated features and minor bug fixes. It was followed by Cupcake and Android 1.6 in 2009. These versions were mostly meant for bug fixing.
Android 2.0 [eclair]
Android launched their 2nd major release on October 26, 2009, This was termed as Éclair.
Eclair brought live wallpapers to Android as well as the platform’s first speech-to-text function. The release’s most transformative element was the voice guided navigation. Text messages were enhanced in a way that we can see the old and also MMS messages. The typing response was made quicker . The camera application also got real-time updates like flash support, different zoom modes, shading effects and focus mode.
Android 2.0.1 was released in 2009, followed by Android 2.1 on January 12, 2010, They contained mostly bug fixes and some minor advancements. The next release was Froyo in 2010 and followed by this, Android 2.2 was released and this contained features such as USB tethering and WIFI hotspot functionalities.
Android 2.3 [gingerbread]
Android 2.3 Gingerbread was released on December 6, 2010, The UI was mostly focused on convenience and speed. The onscreen console was also upgraded for more instinctive content info and precision.
NFC(Near Field Communication) was integrated in this new release and due to a brand new download manager, monitoring the downloads from web was much easier.
Android 3.0 [Honeycomb]
On February 22, 2011, Google introduced its first tablet-oriented Android update, Android 3.0 Honeycomb. As it was completely for the tablet, another “holographic” UI was introduced with the update. The System Bar brought notification and the buttons to the bottom of the screen.
Also the UI had significant changes, multiple browser tabs were added and ‘incognito’ mode was introduced. Multicore processors were made compatible for the first time and also some cool widgets were added as a part of it.
Android 4.0 [Ice Cream Sandwich]
Source: Tech Crunch
Android 4.0 Ice Cream Sandwich was released on October 18, 2011. The Holo interface was given a revamp, and a fresh look and Roboto was made as the default font for Android. Simplicity of Files were made and the Camera was also enhanced in a way that it could support 1080p recording. The internet browser could now synchronize with users Chrome bookmarks.
It also made swiping a more integral method of getting around the operating system with the swipe feature swipes away things like notifications and recent apps. And it started the slow process of bringing a standardized design framework known as Holo throughout the OS.
Android 4.1 [Jelly Bean]
Source: Nerds Chalk
Android 4.1 Jelly Bean was revealed on July 9, 2012. Graphics were given special consideration and additionally incorporated technology that would help the interface to run at 60 frames per second for a smooth and responsive service.
Sound quality was improved with multi-channel support, and USB audio etc. It helped users to tailor the experience. The releases added plenty polish into the operating system and went a long way in making Android more inviting for the average user. Multiuser support also came into play. Jelly Bean ushered in a heavily hyped system for placing widgets on your lock screen, like many other android features it became less popular after a couple of years.
Android 4.4 [KitKat]
KitKat OS was launched on October 31, 2013, and the first device to run it was the Nexus 5. A new Immersive Mode was included, which permitted applications to hide the buttons on screen and status bar when they’re not required. NFC was added but it was not successful as expected.
This also included the first Voice Recognition, ie “Ok, Google” which worked when you phone is on and when you’re in your home or Google app. Lighter backgrounds and more neutral highlights took their places, with a transparent status bar and white icons giving the OS a more contemporary appearance. This was also one of my favorite Android releases.
Android 5.0 – [Lollipop]
Source: Gadget Flow
Android 5.0 Lollipop, was first declared on June 25, 2014. Lollipop introduced a slew of new features into Android, including truly hands-free voice control via the “OK, Google” command, support for multiple users on phones and a priority mode for better notification management. It also got new features like material design notifications and also updated the lock security and made it more effective.
The card-based concept that had been scattered throughout Android became a core UI pattern. Unfortunately there were many bugs as many new features were rolled out and this was patched only in the Android 5.1 release which took place in the following year.
Android 6 [Marshmallow]
Android 6 Marshmallow was launched in May 2015. A new feature called Now on Tap to provide contextual search result with the help of search history to make them more useful. It likewise had an incredible battery management update. Android 6.0 did introduce some stuff with lasting impact, though, including more granular app permissions, support for fingerprint readers, and support for USB-C.
Adoptable Storage functionality was also unveiled where you can utilize your micro SD card, yet your device will treat it like internal storage. Marshmallow also improved the fingerprint unlocking technique and USB Type-C.
Android 7 [Nougat]
Source: Google Blog
Android Nougat was introduced in August 2016. The main differences amongst Nougat and Marshmallow are minimal, yet the update has a split-screen mode on Android gadgets for the plain first time. Google Assistant was launched which came alongside the announcement of Google’s first fully self-made phone, the Pixel, about two months after Nougat’s debut.
Google’s 2016 Android Nougat releases provided Android with a native split-screen mode, a new bundled-by-app system for organizing notifications, and a Data Saver feature. The Google Assistant became a critical component of Android in this release.
Android 8 [Oreo]
Android 8 Oreo was introduced on August 21, 2017, when the Android Oreo name was confirmed. Android Oreo added a variety of niceties to the platform, including a native picture-in-picture mode, a notification snoozing option, and notification channels that offer fine control over how apps can alert you.
This also included some noteworthy elements that furthered Google’s goal of aligning Android and Chrome OS and improving the experience of using Android apps on Chromebooks. It was also an ambitious effort to create a modular base for Android’s code with the hope of making it easier for device-makers to provide timely software updates.
Android 9 [Pie]
Source: The Guardian
Android 9 Pie is mainly focused on simple and AI-powered efficiency. It was first released in August 2018. Pie’s most transformative change was its hybrid gesture/button navigation system, which traded Android’s traditional Back. It had a Adaptive battery life and brightness settings included in it.
Google additionally switched up the UI to make room for cutouts in screens and digital wellbeing to make sure that the users are not addicted to their phone completely.
Android 10 was introduced on March 13, 2019. It experienced a true wide range of brand new features and improvements, as well as a number of new APIs. That included help for the dash of then-upcoming mobile phones which can be collapsible. Android 10 additionally introduced a system-wide mode this is certainly dark along with brand-new gesture-navigation controls, an even more efficient revealing menu, smart answer features for all messaging apps, and more control of app-based permissions.
Android 10 introduces a setup this is certainly brand new hot-fix-style changes that will eventually allow for quicker and much more consistent rollouts of tiny, narrowly centered spots. And the pc software has an abundance of other quietly important improvements, including an updated permissions system that gives you more control over just how and when applications have the ability to access location data as well as an expanded system for safeguarding device.
Source: Google Blog
On February 18, Google launched the very first Preview Android 11. It’s arrived with plenty of brand new features. Which includes a conversations which can be brand new category where your entire chats from various apps are collected in one place. You might also need the choice to save every notification which has made an appearance on your phone in days gone by 24 hours. A whole new feature lets you record your phone’s screen, complete with sound, without requiring a software that is 3rd party. There’s also a unique part of Android 11 aimed at managing home this is certainly smart.
Android 11 has actually loads of various other tiny but significant improvements — including a native screen recording feature, and an automatic scheduling system for the system-wide Dark Theme.
Source: Google Blog
Android 12, very first launched on February 18 as a Developer Preview. Currently, the menu of verified features in Android 12 includes a less strenuous way to share your Wi-Fi link with some other person. There’s also support for the greater image that is higher level AVIF. There have also some improvements to notifications, along with a solution to add OS which can be crucial via the Google Play Store. Various other features that might be put into Android 12 range from the capability to handle two applications as being a task that is single called App Pairs. Android 12 functions the reimagining that is biggest of Android’s software since 2014’s Android 5.0 (Lollipop) version.
Thus far, there have been three Developer Previews of Android 12. The public beta is available now because it’s circulated by Google included in the Google I/O developer summit. The anticipated launch time with this Version should really be sometime within the late 2021.
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